Guacamole lovers, rejoice! The avocado genome has been sequenced

Researchers at UB, the National Laboratory of Genomics for Biodiversity (LANGEBIO) and Texas Tech University have sequenced the avocado genome. Credit: Kjokkenutstyr, (https://www.kjokkenutstyr.net/) Credit: Kjokkenutstyr, can be reused under the CC BY license We now know the DNA of guacamole. Scientists have sequenced the avocado genome, shedding light on the ancient origins of this buttery […]

How do you forecast eruptions at volcanoes that sit ‘on the cusp’ for decades?

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Some volcanoes take their time—experiencing protracted, years-long periods of unrest before eventually erupting. This makes it difficult to forecast when they pose a danger to their surrounding areas, but Carnegie’s Diana Roman and Penn State’s Peter LaFemina are trying to change that. “Dormancy, brief unrest, eruption—this is a familiar pattern for […]

Non-invasive imaging method spots cancer at the molecular level

The researchers combined multiphoton microscopy with automated image and statistical analysis algorithms to distinguish between healthy and diseased tissue. In this image, collected in a completely label free, noninvasive manner, collagen is colored green while ovarian metastatic cell clusters are presented in red. Credit: Dimitra Pouli, Thomas Schnelldorfer, and Irene Georgakoudi, Tufts University and Lahey […]

Heterostructure crystals could light the way to optical circuits

Credit: Wiley-VCH It may be possible to reach new levels of miniaturization, speed, and data processing with optical quantum computers, which use light to carry information. For this, we need materials that can absorb and transmit photons. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, Chinese scientists have introduced a new strategy for constructing photonic heterostructure crystals with […]

The California coast is disappearing under the rising sea: Our choices are grim

Credit: CC0 Public Domain The California coast grew and prospered during a remarkable moment in history when the sea was at its tamest. But the mighty Pacific, unbeknownst to all, was nearing its final years of a calm but unusual cycle that had lulled dreaming settlers into a false sense of endless summer. Elsewhere, Miami […]

Research forecasts an uptick in extreme weather, temperatures

Credit: WVU It’s going to rain a lot in West Virginia. It’s going to be really dry, too. Huh? While torrential downpours and flash flooding don’t evoke images of drought or water insecurity, those polar opposites make sense in the erratic world of a warming climate, according to West Virginia University research. Such instability could […]

Poo powering Kenya’s modern farmers

Biogas bounty: Kenyan farmer Josphat Muchiri looks at his flourishing coffee trees—their harvest has doubled thanks to fertiliser from his cow-dung biodigester, he says In 35 years working the land, Kenyan farmer Josphat Muchiri Njonge has never seen his coffee shrubs burst with so much fruit on his verdant hillside plot outside bustling Nairobi. Same […]

Surprising discovery could change the way industry uses nickel

SEM image of corroded nickel at the surface. Credit: Mengying Liu Nickel is one of the most abundant elements on earth. It is hard, yet malleable, magnetic at room temperature, and a relatively good conductor of electricity and heat. Most notably, nickel is highly corrosion resistant, which provides for a variety of uses by industry. […]